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Underwater diving is the practice of going underwater, either with breathing apparatus (scuba diving and surface supplied diving) or by breath-holding (free-diving).
Scuba (Self Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus) divers are sometimes knows as frogmen, particularly divers engeged on armed forces covert operations. Scuba diver uses a scuba set to breath underwater.
Unlike early diving, which reiled either on breath-hold or on air pumped from the surface, scuba divers carry their own source of breathing gas (usually compressed air) allowing them greater freedom of movement than with an air line. Both surface supplied and scuba diving allow divers to stay underwater significantly longer than breath-holding techniques as used in snorkeling and free-diving. Depending on the purpose of the dive, a diver usually moves underwater by swimfins attached to the feet, but external propulsion can come from an underwater vehicle, or a sled pulled from the surface.
The first commercially successful scuba sets were the Aquqlung open-circuit units developed by Emile Gagnan and Jacques-Yves Cousteau, in which compressed gas in inhaled from a tank and then exhaled into the water adjacent to the tank. However, the scuba regulators of today trace their origins to Australia, where Ted Eldred developed the first mouth piece regulator, known as the Porpoise. This regulator was developed because patents protected the Aqualung's double hose design. It separated the cylinder from the demand valve giving the diver air at the same pressure surrounding his mouth, not surrounding the tank. The open circuit system were developed after Cousteau had a number of incidents of oxygen toxicity using a rebreather system, in which exhaled air is reprocessed to remove carbon dioxide. Modern versions of rebreather systems (both semi-closed circuit and closed circuit) are still available today, and form the second main type of scuba unit, most commonly used for technical diving, such as deep diving.
Scuba diver training and certification agencies
Recreational scuba diving does not have a centralized certifying or regulatory agency, and is mostly self regulated. There are, however, several large diving organizations that train and certify divers and dive instructors, and many diving related sales and rental outlets require proof of diver certification from one of these organizations prior to selling or renting certain diving products or services.
The largest international certification agencies that are currently recognized by most diving outlets for diver certification include:
  • American Canadian Underwater Certifications (ACUC) (formerly Association of Canadian Underwater Councils) originated in Canada in 1969 and expanded internationally in 1984

  • British Sub Aqua Club (BSAC) based in the United Kingdom, founded in 1953 and is the largest dive club in the world

  • European Committee of Professional Diving Instructors (CEDIP) based in Europe since 1992

  • Confederation Mondiale des Activites Subaquatiques (CMAS) the World Underwater Federation

  • National Association of Underwater Instructors (NAUI) based in the United States

  • Professional Diving Instructors Corporation (PDIC) based in United States

  • Professional Association of Diving Instructors (PADI) based in United States, largest recreational dive training and sertification organisation in the world

  • Scottish Sub Aqua Club (SSAC or ScotSAC) the National Governing Body for the sport of diving in Scotland

  • International Training SDI, TDI & ERDI based in the United States, TDI is the world's largest technical diving agency, SDI is the recreational division focusing on new methods and online courses, and ERDI is the public safety component

  • Scuba School International (SSI) based in the United States with 35 Regional Centers and Area Offices around the world

  • YMCA Scuba based in the United States, provided by Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA); discontinued after 2008.

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Daily diving

According to survey British Broadcasting Corporation BBC, "What would you like to try before you die?" among the most cherished dreams of people desire to "swim with scuba diving on a coral reef." Therefore not surprising constantly increasing worldwide the popularity of scuba diving. The beauty of the underwater world, which you can dream, staring at the TV screen, accessible to every diver, from his first dive. And an endless variety of shapes, colors game, hundreds of species of fish, shellfish, corals, tropical seas characteristic, can not get bored and very experienced divers.
Daily diving is suitable for everyone - for professionals and beginners. Two dives in one day with professional guide on the different corals will help you safely and comfortably enjoy the beauty of the underwater world of the Red Sea. You will spend a wonderful day at sea on a comfortable ship. The ship is equipped with life jackets and all the necessary first aid. Lunch and soft drinks are included in the cost of travel. Your loved ones, even they're not divers if you want can accompany you on the ship, exploring the reefs with mask and fins, or simply enjoying sun on the ship.
You can also buy packs Daily diving on any number of dives to choose from, flexible planning dives.
If you are - a certified diver, you can go to the Daily diving with own equipment or use ours. All dives are conducted with an experienced guide. Before every dive conducted a briefing on safety measures and interesting objects.
If you - are new to diving, an experienced instructor accompanying you under the water, will help to make the first steps to explore the underwater world. He will oversee the diving depth and direction of movement depending on your condition and readiness. You'll find that diving - an amazing adventure, attracting so many people.
Although, it should be noted that caution in diving - mandatory. Beauty of the underwater world, its fantastic dissimilarity with the Earth can enchant, fascinate the diver, to lull his vigilance. Having lost his head in a figurative sense, it's easy to lose it in real life.

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Diving with dolphins

A unique opportunity to meet with the dolphins in their natural environment. Not in the pool, direct in open sea! It is unlikely that any person who made diving, would be indifferent to such a proposal!
Immediacy, contact, and the friendliness of the smart, active and smiling dolphins is amazing! Jumps, loops, pursuits, it seems like a show - it's a demonstration of their joy from the sea with movements. You'll appreciate it all themselves, going to diving with the dolphins.
For divers who have seen games dolphins in the open sea, this show does not go into any comparison with any other experience. For those who have not experienced this, it becomes clear desire such a meeting.
As any wild animals, dolphins have their own space and the level of comfort. Experienced instructor will help make communication with these amazing undersea inhabitants comfortable and enjoyable for all.
In addition to meeting with the dolphins, you will see the stunning beauty of the coral reefs and their inhabitants.
Do not miss the opportunity to have one of the most wonderful experiences of your life!

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Night diving

Night diving - an amazing opportunity to feel like a naturalist and compare the feel of the daily diving and night diving, because one and the same place, day and night looks completely different. Many marine species are becoming passive and easily allowed near to the closer distance. Many kind of marine life can only be seen at night, some of them, the predators will be happy to hunt in the light of your flashlight.
Use during the dive flashlight, that snatched from the darkness a small space, can help to focus on the parts that are in the daytime you just would not notice. Lantern also changes colors all objects under water, so you can see real and saturated colors the beauty of the underwater world, as in shallow water.
If you love all the mysterious and mystical, you just need to make a night dive. Beam of light snatches from the darkness a small fragment of the great underwater performance, give much food to your imagination.

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Certified divers can get a lasting impression from wrecks. Secrets of sunken ships excite everybody. Even if you do not dream of finding long-lost pirate treasure, wrecks - silent witnesses to history: the misfortunes, accidents, bizarre accidents, human stupidity and funny (if not the consequences) of coincidences. As time grows corals and wrecks start to be a home to many inhabitants of sea.
The abundance of reef impede navigation in the Red Sea, the complex history of region give for divers plenty of facilities for "hunting". Not for nothing wrecks of the Red Sea are considered the "Mecca of divers."
The most famous ship, resting in the Red Sea - English ferry Thistlegorm, which in 1941 was attacked by a squadron of German bombers. Ship carrying capacity of 5000 tons, carrying military supplies for the Eighth British Army, sank before he could make a single shot at the enemy. This ship has found a team of Jacques Yves Cousteau. Turned upside explosion of railroad cars, locomotives, wedgies, trucks, motorcycles, trucks, ammunition - everything is frozen in a silence.
Not far from Safaga lies another famous ship - the ferry "Salem Express" which sunk in 1991. The tragedy happened when the ferry was carrying pilgrims. The ship's captain was died, along with the ship, tied a rope to the wheel itself. The ferry was a lot of values, which were then looted. Now there is nothing of value not only smashed televisions and some have lost their appeal and value of things.
Many well-known underwater wrecks are located near the reef of Abu Nuhas Schaaf in the Strait of Goba.

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Diving courses

If you have seriously decided to devote himself to diving, then you probably already know that you need to pass training courses. You will be told particular outfit, you teach basic movement and understand how to behave in one way or another emergency.
Novice divers required to undergo Open Water Diver, with a certificate of passing this course, you can go diving safari. Continuing the same divers can take courses from Advanced OWD to instructor level.
Course PADI Open Water Diver - is the initial basic course of scuba diving. After completing this course receive a certificate of PADI Open Water Diver, which is recognized throughout the world. To get it, you must pass a theoretical course, to make five dives in the pool and 4 dives in open water. Open Water Diver certificate entitles you to dive together with a partner, even in the absence of a professional. Get certified PADI Open Water Diver may virtually anyone 10 years or older, if he is healthy and in decent physical shape. At a certain stage of training the instructor asks students to PADI demonstrate the ability to swim, as well as to fill a number of documents. For children 10-14 years there is a program PADI Junior Scuba Diver. From a theoretical course, you will learn that a person experiences under water with the medical point of view what's inside your respirator, learn the history of scuba diving. On the practical lessons you will learn how to breathe properly, competently and dive float, use a vest-compensator, regulator, etc., look special gestures that are used under the water, learn the technique of swimming under water. Upon completion of training (pool + open water) you will receive a certificate of international standard (plastic card). He has no time limitations and the action taken anywhere in the world.
Course PADI Open Water Diver enjoys the greatest popularity and a pass into the world of exciting adventures. This is the initial basic course of scuba diving.
With us you can study and get certificates PADI or CMAS, which give the right to dive anywhere in the world.

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